Une étude présentée sur VoxEu récemment parvient à des conclusions édifiantes qui détruisent beaucoup d’idées reçues sur les délocalisations. Selon les économistes qui en sont les auteurs, les entreprises qui délocalisent emploient plus de salariés en R&D, proposent plus régulièrement de nouveaux produits et investissent plus régulièrement dans des technologies de pointe …

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European offshoring mostly concerns factory jobs, but some worry that innovation will soon follow. This column shows that offshoring firms employ more people in R&D and design, introduce more frequently new products, and invest more frequently in advanced process technologies compared to non-offshoring firms. Concerns that offshoring may hurt innovation because of the lost links between production and product development are not supported by the evidence.

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With respect to policy, the analysis does not confirm fears of a weakening of national competitiveness due to offshoring:

  • Activities that add to the technological capabilities of firms and their ability to create competitive advantage – such as research and development, design or process innovation – are positively associated with a firm’s decision to offshore production activities.
  • Concerns that offshoring may hurt innovation because of lost links between production and product development are not supported by the evidence.

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